Streaming online church services: the tech, the tips and the stories from around the world

Streaming online church services: the tech, the tips and the stories from around the world

Last weekend was the first weekend that many churches globally closed their physical doors and instead embraced the virtual world of online services.

Over on the Musicademy Facebook Group several people had spent the previous few days discussing the technical options, the pros and cons of the various streaming platforms before taking their decisions on how to go live.

This article shares the stories of those first services.

Oasis Community Church, Brightlingsea UK

Andy Conroy writes:

Despite a few gremlins in the system, like the laptop dropping connection to the Team Link server when the landline telephone rang, Oasis Community Church Brightlingsea came together for Sunday worship online.

It was a bit chaotic with several people trying to pray or share testimonies at the same time but it was really very special to see and hear everyone. We even had a couple of older folk who don’t do technology listening in and contributing to the prayer via telephones, thanks to church members with unlimited calls packages and phones on loudspeaker.

We had one laptop runing the song projection on Videopsalm and a second one with the Team Link app on, mounted on a swivelling office chair to rotate between the worship leaders and song screen. We probably could have done it via a screen share but were afraid it might all be too much for one computer to handle and crash half way through.

The sound came and went a bit, and it sounded like echoes in a cave when we all said the Lord’s Prayer together. We also sang, with the music up loud enough to not hear the delayed singing coming back to us: ” Heal Our Nation”, ” Jesus Draw Me Ever Nearer”, ” Blessed Be Your Name” and “Build Your Kingdom Here” to the additional accompaniment of chiming clocks and a barking dog!

We learned several lessons through it.

  1. Only have one device with microphone and speakers on per room to avoid feedback and multiple echoes
  2. After the laptop threw up its hands in protest we found a tablet worked out the simplest option for the worship leader, mounted on a stand and able to swivel as per above. The sound was also clearer than with the laptop’s built in microphone.
  3. Bluetooth speakers played up with so many other wifi devices close by.
  4. A separate desktop computer with a mouse, mic and speakers on silent, and with a large screen was the best way to host the meeting and record the sermon.
  5. Get people to stop their clocks chiming or mute their microphones during the sermon.
  6. Ideally have everybody on a messenger feed or WhatsApp group as well so you can quickly let them know what is happening if something fails.
  7. Unplug landline phones so they don’t ring and mess with internet connections.
  8. Use tablets and phones in landscape mode to give biggest image.

But it was great fun and everybody felt encouraged and strengthened by the time of fellowship and we will do it all again next week as well as running a mid-week house group this way for the time being.

[Credit to Andy Conroy for the main photo]

South Wagga Anglican Parish, NSW, Australia

We just used recorded stuff, prayers, ministry spot, kids spot. We then had a couple of songs using clips off YouTube. This was all circulated along with an order of service to follow with liturgy added via email.
We only had two songs, the first being 10,000 reasons and the second a hymn, name I can’t remember but my 2 year old was not a fan and kept saying “no” throughout it… 🤭 luckily there was only the grandparents and parents present. [Natalie Mc Dermott]

Broadfield Christian Fellowship, Crawley, UK

We used for a small gathering with communion, one of our members has a paid subscription. We’ll be using it for prayer meeting and House group too. [Kevin Gordon]

Houghton Regis Community Church, Bedfordshire UK

We are a small, independent church and also used Zoom. It was a bit clunky at first, as it was our first attempt, but it was really good-especially as I have been in isolation for 9 days now. We were more interested in a sharing set-up rather than streaming a service (not really us, if you follow). I wasn’t sure that singing together would work, given the lag, but we may try that in future. What we did do was to watch a screen-share of a YouTube song and we all sang along but muted. Couldn’t hear the others but could see them also singing along, which was nice. [David Gibbons]

Purley Baptist Church, UK

We ran a Facebook live stream from the worship leader’s house. He played piano and sang alone. His TV had the words projected onto it and was positioned so that it appeared in the bottom corner of the live feed. We streamed it onto the church’s Facebook Page.

Separately the minister recorded a sermon using a webcam and that was uploaded onto the media library of the church website.

Videos for children and youth work were also put onto the website.

Back to the worship live stream we were able to comment and send emojis during the session. The emojis sort of float by but the comments are now underneath the video, which saved on the Facebook page.

About 100 people were watching the live stream including a participant in Australia! [Jenny Hale]

St John’s Westwood, Coventry UK

Just me, my wife, our pastors and their kids. C100 & XF305 into a PC using Livestream Studio going out to Vimeo and simulcasting to Facebook and YouTube.

The worship band included the pastor’s kids on bass and drums. My wife pulled an absolute blinder on Mother’s Day mixing audio, controlling song words and cutting between the two cameras all whilst breastfeeding our daughter. [Josh Payne – link to the service here]

St John’s and King’s Park Church of Scotland, Dalkeith, Scotland

We just used Facebook’s own Live setup and YouTube but quality wasn’t as good as I’d have likes so may use OBS next week if we can still get to do it.  [Peter Austin – link to the service here]

St Stephen’s Preston UK

We prerecorded and used our new YouTube site including Premiere and Live Chat. We decided against Facebook as not everyone has this, though used this, email and WhatsApp to share the link.
We are trying to work out what licenses we would need to stream other recorded music (we have all the CCLI UK licenses) and hope this becomes clearer in the coming weeks. [Stephanie Rankin]

Indiana, USA

We are a small Methodist church in southern Indiana. We used a Vimeo Showcase. Participants recorded their parts from their homes on their phones and sent them in. It ends up being a container for 10 videos for the whole service.

The pianist used a 1923 Cokesbury Hymnal to avoid copyright issues.

We shared the link to Facebook, YouTube and give out the link for those who don’t do social media. [Alan Hall]

Warwickshire Church, UK


Decision made to keep people to absolute minimum (three people).

We borrowed some equipment to enable a huge step up from previous live streams using a mobile (and a failed attempt with a webcam, laptop and OBS). Really, good quality feed etc… more livestreams planned. [Richard Fletcher]

All Salvos, Australia

We moved all our churches to online or outdoors (probably changing again with new Govt restrictions today)… yesterday we were one of five locations who have already been streaming live for a while. Our main difference was no congregation… we ran similar to usual service with team only, Livestream on our website and YouTube (usually we do FB Live too but something didn’t run for once).

Added a team of moderators/chat engagement which was brilliant. Our tech team is already sensational and took things to a new level. Hoping we can still do this next week even in reduced form! [Louise Mathieson]

Valley Fellowship Church, Buena Vista, Colorado, USA

We’ve been doing videos a day or two ahead of time and uploading them to Facebook but with a scheduled post date. We’ve looked at the analytics and noticed that the average watch time is 9 minutes…and after reading an article about people’s attention spans we decided to cut our music time in half. Next week our pastor will shorten his sermon too. Then we’ll run some more analytics.

We are using an iPad to record but using some amps to bolster the voices.

We also have started a YouTube channel so it’s easier to access and a cooler platform for the younger generations ;)

Our recording venue is smaller so we opted to only have our two singers, one playing guitar, on screen to show that we were observing the 6 feet of separation rule. So the keyboard, cello, and cajon could be heard but not seen.

Jennifer Swallow (church tba)

We pre-recorded the service and put it out ‘love’ using YouTube Premiere with Live Chat. [Jennifer Swallow]

St John’s Warrington UK

This week we just videoed it.

Next week – OBS and two or three webcams.  [Mike Whitaker]

New Life Community Church, Grand Island NE, USA

We have Facebook live setup and youtube. I went pretty smooth. Added some extra lighting and a few different things. We have a great tech group. [Deb McTavish]

The River Church, WI USA

We were able to borrow the set-up from a sister church in the area and pre-recorded the service to go out this morning. I led Goodness of God, Sovereign Over Us and Amazing Grace with just my guitar and my husband on harmony. Next week I think we can have a few more people participating in the music. [Brita Mae Rust]

Milan Christian Church, Indiana, USA

Our team posted a recorded video on our YouTube channel (which is new) and put a link on our Facebook Page. We also had the option to give online for the first time. Our worship leader played acoustic with pads and keys in the background (pre-recorded I’m assuming). Sermon followed that and then a communion meditation. We were able to pick up pre-packed wafer with juice yesterday. [Pamela Jewell Yates]


Our thoughts and observations

I think Andy Conroy’s list of lessons learned at the top of this article covers a lot but here are a few other suggestions and things to reinforce that others have said.

  • Do look at your analytics/insights data
    If you find that people are not hanging around for the whole service do think about ways that you can shorten it such as fewer (no?) songs, shorter sermon. Also think about ways that you can make it more exciting such as more interaction instead of one way communications
    When we look at screens we are used to the fast moving pace of edited films and tv shows – this is a very different scenario to simply transferring a Sunday morning church service online with few real changes to format
  • Do be mindful of not spreading the virus – self isolation applies to us all
    On reading the above it struck me that several churches did end up with a number of different people getting together in person to put their service together. This is hardly the self isolation that governments are increasingly advising.
    Try to put a service together that requires no one to leave the house. It may end up being simpler and less slick but it will put fewer people in danger (and you might actually find the results work well)
  • Keep it simple if you are not confident on the tech
    I know it can be tempting to go for a big set up with fancy cameras, multiple platforms and pre-recorded segments, and perhaps in this season you have the team, the skills and the time to pull this all together. But if you don’t it is fine just to livestream using YouTube or Facebook Live
  • The best option if your congregation don’t have online access
    Zoom is probably the best platform to choose (and it is only £11.99 a month for the Pro account) if you have people without an internet connection or who simply don’t want to use Facebook, Instagram TV or whatever other platform you are wanting to use.
    With Zoom you get a standard phone number that people can dial in with from their landline so they can at least listen in even if they can’t see the screen.
  • Get your licensing sorted out
    CCLI has a streaming license you can purchase and if you are using our backing tracks in your services do check out the article on Worship Backing Band


Thanks to everyone for their contributions. Do share your own experiences in the comments below or in the original Facebook thread.